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Shale Oil Petroleum and Lubricating Oil Analysis

 · The subject here touched upon is one that can only be successfully handled by an expert chemist with a thorough training in both inorganic and organic chemistry yet as the metallurgical chemist may be asked to value a shale or petroleum examine an oil for lubricating purposes or for the preservation of winding ropes—for these and other reasons this section has been inserted.

Experimental study on separation of oil shale and semi

 · Judged by its high oil content 8.54 Lulong oil shale is fit for refining oil by low temperature retorting technology and direct combustion. The other material used in this experiment is semi-coke which is the final solid product of Lulong oil shale heated in a distillation furnace at 450–600 °C in the absence of air.

Dry distillation Article about dry distillation by The

Changes in shale oil composition and yield after bioleaching by Bacillus mucilaginosus and Thiobacillus ferrooxidans In the retort furnace the heat is provided by combustion of dry distillation gas and char. A Review on Technologies for Oil Shale Surface Retort

This document consists of 11 pages. Series A. UNITED

 · tubular electric furnace where distillation was carried out for 11 minutes at 500 C. After cooling the tube in a horizontal position to prevent contamination of the char by the oil and water distillates the tube was scored and broken at a point immediately above the char. The char was weighed and analyzed to determine its uranium content.

(PDF) Research on the integration of flue gas

original d esulfurization tower of oil shale dry distillation fl ue gas Characteristics and design scheme of flue gas desulfurization system for heating furnace in oil shale retorting project

Shale Oil Petroleum and Lubricating Oil Analysis

 · 2. Distillation of the Crude Oil with Steam.—Arrange the distillation apparatus as in fig. 105. _ The flask on the left generates steam which passes over into the distillation flask and aids the distillation of compounds boiling far above 100° C. the atmospheric pressure being divided between the water and oil thus

This document consists of 11 pages. Series A. UNITED

 · tubular electric furnace where distillation was carried out for 11 minutes at 500 C. After cooling the tube in a horizontal position to prevent contamination of the char by the oil and water distillates the tube was scored and broken at a point immediately above the char. The char was weighed and analyzed to determine its uranium content.

Apparatus for solar distillation (Patent) OSTI.GOV

An apparatus for distilling shale oil from oil shale comprises a vertical type distilling furnace which is divided by two vertical partitions each provided with a plurality of vent apertures into an oil shale treating chamber and two gas chambers said oil shale treating chamber being located between said two gas chambers in said vertical type

SHALE OIL RECOVERY FROM OIL SHALE SLUDGE USING

 · The oil shale sludge sample investigated in this study was obtained from a major on-duty shale oil refinery located in Huadian City Jilin Province China. The oil shale sludge is a black sticky and slightly emulsified solid which is odorous and releases a small amount of moisture and oil on the surface after a long period of storage.

Release characteristics of Pb and BETX from in situ oil

Shale oil dry distillation gas and semi-coke shale can be obtained b y low-temperature dry distillation 4. e properties of shale oil are very similar to those of petroleum 5 therefore

Research on Pyrolysis Mechanism of Huadian Oil Shale

 · The decomposition of oil shale is called pyrolysis or dry distillation in industry by which to extract shale oil is of potential value for oil shale 2 . In recent years the activation energy pre-exponential factor and influence factors for the pyrolysis of oil shale are analyzed by dynamic analysis 3 and thermogravimetric experiment 4 .

CNAOil shale dry distillation recovery

The invention discloses an oil shale dry distillation recovery technology comprising the steps the first washed dry distillation gas sequentially enters into washing segments of a gas saturation washing tower and an air saturation washing tower to be secondly washed and thirdly washed the washing water which flows out of the bottoms of the towers are statically layered the shale oil enters

Oil Shalean overview ScienceDirect Topics

It can be produced into oil-shale oil dry distillation gas or shale semicoke. Oil-shale oil can be further processed into gasoline diesel or chemicals as fuel oil and may also be fired in a furnace as a boiler fuel to produce steam for generating power. A higher oil content will mean a darker color and tone.

TEI-210 A VOLUMETRIC METHOD FOR THE ESTIMATION

 · The test tube used in the closed-tube distillation of the shale is a pyrex glass-stoppered tube 15 x 50 mm no. J-2345 manufactured by the Scientific Glass Apparatus Co. Bloomfield N. J. with a no. 16 standard taper glass stopper. The centrifuge tube used to measure the oil yield of oil shale

Geology of the Chang 7 Member oil shale of the Yanchang

We present a review of the Chang 7 Member oil shale which occurs in the middle–late Triassic Yanchang Formation of the Ordos Basin in central north China. The oil shale has a thickness of 28 m (average) an area of around 30 000 km2 and a Ladinian age. It is mainly brown-black to black in colour with a laminar structure. It is characterized by average values of 18 wt TOC (total organic

Shale oil distillationSTANDARD OIL DEV CO

Shale oil distillation . United States Patent the velocity is in the range from 10 feet to 50 feet per second. The temperature maintained in furnace II will depend upon the character of the powdered shale the oil content 5) of the shale the volume of suspension gases used as well as upon the velocity of the suspension gases

Geology of the Chang 7 Member oil shale of the Yanchang

We present a review of the Chang 7 Member oil shale which occurs in the middle–late Triassic Yanchang Formation of the Ordos Basin in central north China. The oil shale has a thickness of 28 m (average) an area of around 30 000 km2 and a Ladinian age. It is mainly brown-black to black in colour with a laminar structure. It is characterized by average values of 18 wt TOC (total organic

Tutorial Delayed Coking Fundamentals

 · Atmospheric Distillation The desalted crude oil is heated in a tube furnace to over 385 °C (725 °F) just below the temperature that cracking of the oil can occur then flashed into a distillation column. The primary products are straight run gasoline kerosene jet fuel diesel atmospheric gas oil (AGO) and atmospheric reduced crude.

Info ICHTHYOL PALENardev

 · By dry distillation of the former lagoon ground the solidified phytoplanktonic biomass can be released from the rock as a sulfur-rich shale oil. Oil Shale Crude Shale Oil Carbon Residue Gas Water T = 450°C N2 (exclusion of air) The crude shale oil is subjected to a vacuum distillation where a low boiling shale oil fraction is produced.

Shale oil distillationSTANDARD OIL DEV CO

In general the oil shale is powdered in the range from 100 to 500 mesh. It is preferred o that the oil shale be powdered so that more than 50 will pass through a 300 mesh screen. The powdered oil shale is mixed with a sufficient quantity of suspension gases so that a desirable suspension of the powdered shale in the "2. gases is secured.

Research on Pyrolysis Mechanism of Huadian Oil Shale

 · Keywords oil shale pyrolysis mechanism diffusion model retort furnace 1. Introduction As a significant kind of unconventional resource in abundance oil shale has got more attention with the decrease of petroleum resources 1 . The decomposition of oil shale is called pyrolysis or dry distillation

Research on Pyrolysis Mechanism of Huadian Oil Shale

 · The decomposition of oil shale is called pyrolysis or dry distillation in industry by which to extract shale oil is of potential value for oil shale 2 . In recent years the activation energy pre-exponential factor and influence factors for the pyrolysis of oil shale are analyzed by dynamic analysis 3 and thermogravimetric experiment 4 .

Current Status and Energy Analysis of Oil Shale s Retorting

 · At present several oil shale retorting technologies have been applied and newly appeared in Fushun furnace retorting fluidized bed retorting and decarbonization processes convection heating oil shale mining processes ATP dry distillation furnaces ICP retorting furnaces etc. Very mature but the oil recovery rate using these technologies is relatively low.

Research on In-situ Oil Shale Mining Technology

 · The oil shale after dry distillation mustn t bring improper environmental or economic burden. According to different ways of heating in-situ exploitation can be divided into three technologies including conduction heating convection heating and radiation heating 9-10 .

Method and apparatus for distillation of oil shaleVeba

Method and apparatus for distillation of oil shale . United States Patent . Abstract The condensible parts are removed from the distillation gas of oil shale a portion of the remaining amount of gas is removed and the rest is heated e.g. by the combustion gas of the distillation residue and used without the addition of any more

Study on New Low-temperature Dry Distillation

Abstract There are huge reserves of oil shale in the world.Dry distillation of oil shale can produce shale oil similar to petroleum.Using oil shale to produce shale oil can alleviate the problem of oil shortage.At present the annual output of shale oil in China ranks first in the world but this dry distillation process also has some drawbacks

Overcoming Shale Oil Processing Challenges

 · Shale oil is refined in the crude distillation section of the refinery into the primary components of light ends (hydrocarbons ranging from C1-C4) naphtha jet fuel/kerosene diesel gas

Study on New Low-temperature Dry Distillation

Abstract There are huge reserves of oil shale in the world.Dry distillation of oil shale can produce shale oil similar to petroleum.Using oil shale to produce shale oil can alleviate the problem of oil shortage.At present the annual output of shale oil in China ranks first in the world but this dry distillation process also has some drawbacks

Oil shale dry distillation technology WU QI CHENG BIAN

Oil shale dry distillation technology WU QI CHENG BIAN ZHU on Amazon. FREE shipping on qualifying offers. Oil shale dry distillation technology

(PDF) Oil shale pyrolysis kinetics and variable activation

Variable activation energy Oil shale The oil shale decomposition ranged from 3.2 to 28.0 . The obtained kinetic data are modeled using var- Variable heating rate iable heating rate pyrolysis temperature and variable activation energy principle in a nitrogen sweeping Pyrolysis kinetics medium.

Gas full-circulation oil-shale grading dry distillation

The invention relates to a process for carrying out fractionation to oil shale by utilizing gas as a thermal carrier under the condition of whole circulation. The oil shale is divided into three classes with different specifications 0 to 6 millimeters 6 to 20 millimeters and 20 to 50 millimeters and the oil shale enters different carbonization furnaces for carbonization.

PHOSPHATIC OIL SHALES NEAR DELL AND DILLON

 · unmistakable odor of petroleum and when placed in a fire the shale will burn. A dry distillation test on a small sample yielded 9 gallons of oil per ton but a test made on a larger sample gave only 7.5 gal- lonfe per ton. As this shale resembles shales that are associated with the phosphate beds of Idaho and Wyoming it was tested roughly

Mineral fuels mineral oils and products of their

 · oil spills storage tank washings or from the use of cutting oils for machining operations. Subheading Notes. 1.- For the purposes of subheading 2701.11 "anthracite" means coal having a volatile matter limit (on a dry mineral-matter-free basis) not exceeding 14 . 2.-